Νομοθεσία σε άλλες χώρες (στα αγγλικά)

Ελληνική και ξένη νομοθεσία. Αρχαιολογικός νόμος. Δελτίο κατοχής ανιχνευτή. Σχετικά θέματα.
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Νομοθεσία σε άλλες χώρες (στα αγγλικά)

Δημοσίευση από admin » 05 Απρ 2007 21:37

AUSTRIA
The use of detectors requires excavation permission issued by the Austrian Federal Monument Authority. Such permission is generally not issued to private individuals.

CYPRUS
Searching for antiquities without a licence is expressly forbidden even with the landowner's permission. It is highly unlikely that an individual will be able to obtain such a licence.

DENMARK
On public land, it is the community that decides whether or not a metal detector may be used. It is estimated that approximately 50% of the public land is closed to metal detecting.

On public woodland the forest supervisor decides whether or not a detector may be used. In most cases permission is NOT granted. There is hardly any problem to search on public beaches because "it would discriminate against a class of people and, therefore, a child would not be able to use a bucket and spade etc." Apart from seeking permission of the landowner, there are no restrictions on private land. Any coins minted after the coin reform in the 19th century can be retained by the finder. Otherwise all coins and artifacts must be delivered to the National Museum. The finder is awarded a Cash sum for the find but it is always below the market value. It is very rare that the finder is allowed to keep his find.

FINLAND
All movable objects, such as coins, weapons, etc. over one hundred years old should be reported with an indication of context (Antiquities Act 1963, Section 16). This legislation does not rule out the use of metal detectors.

FRANCE
No one may use metal detecting equipment for the purpose of searching for monuments and objects which could concern prehistory, history, art or archaeology without first having obtained administrative authorization issued according to the qualification of the applicant and also the nature and method of searching. Beaches are believed to be outside this law.

GERMANY
Excavation requires a licence and work may not be carried out, without permission, near an antiquity in such a way as to affect it directly or indirectly. All accidental discoveries must be reported. Rewards are made equal to 50% of value if found on public land and 100% if on private land. Although metal detectors are not referred to in this 1932 Act, any items found by its use are covered by the Act.


NORTHERN IRELAND
The law in Northern Ireland is not the same as mainland England and the use of metal detectors is covered by the Historic Monuments Act 1971 which states: Part IV Section 11: A person shall not, save under and in accordance with a licence .... dig or excavate in or under any land .... for the purpose of searching generally for archaeological objects ... Part IV Section 12: The finder of any archaeological object .... shall, within fourteen days of such finding, report the circumstances .... to the Director of the Ulster Museum .... or to the officer in charge of a police station.

SOUTHERN IRELAND
A person cannot use, or be in possession of a detection device in, or at the site of, an archaeologically significant area. It is even illegal to "Promote, whether by advertising or otherwise, the sale of use of detection devices for the purpose of searching for archaeological objects."


ISRAEL
The Antiquities Act 1978, Section 9a states that "No person shall excavate in a private property for the purpose of discovering antiquities, nor search for antiquities in any other manner, including the use of metal detectors, nor gather antiquities unless he has received a licence for such from the Director. Breach of this section carries a liability in imprisonment for a term of 3 years or a very, very large fine.
Section 38 of the same Act states that "any person found on an antiquity site, in whose possession or in whose immediate vicinity are found excavation tools and it can be assumed that they were recently used in excavation work at the site, or in whose possession or in whose immediate vicinity is found a metal detector, is presumed to have intended to discover antiquities unless he proves that he has no such intention.


ITALY
The 1939 Act of the custody of artistic and historic objects affords protection to all objects and coins of historical or archaeological value including coins. All objects are State property and must be reported to the Superintendency of Arts. Rewards may be offered up to 1/4 of the value. Metal detecting is forbidden in the following areas:
Val D'Aosta
Toscana
Lazio
Calabria
Sicilia
Coins found minted after 1500 can be kept by the finder and 10% of their value has to be paid to the landowner.


LIECHTENSTEIN
The 1977 Monument Protection Act requires the declaration of any antiquities found in the soil. A government permit is necessary for archaeological excavations.


LUXEMBOURG
All search and excavations with the aim of discovery or bringing to light objects or sites of historical interest can only be made with the authorization of the Minister for Arts and Sciences. The use of metal detecting for unauthorized searching is, in the view of the Ministry of Justice, in contravention of the law.


MALTA
The 1925 - 1974 Antiquities Protection Act affords protection to all objects, both movable and immovable, which are more than 50 years old. Excavation can only be carried out with government authorization. The reporting of accidental finds is compulsory. Since 1979 there has been a ban on the import of any metal detectors of sufficient sensitivity to be of any danger to archaeological sites.


NORWAY
The Cultural Heritage Act 1978 lists a wide range of specified objects, both fixed and movable, dating from before 1937 which are protected. It also provides protection from unauthorized excavation. The ownership of all objects older that 1537 and of coins older than 1650 is vested in the state. It requires that all finds should be reported to the authorities who will fix a suitable reward. There is no specific reference to metal detectors.


SPAIN
The use of metal detectors is not allowed unless an import license for the detector has previously been issued. Further enquiries should be made to the Spanish Commercial Office. The Commercial Office at the Spanish Embassy provided the following written information: 1. The use of metal detectors could involve considerations of the Law and Regulations governing artistic or archaeological finds, involving national heritage and treasure trove, a provided by the very detailed Law of 25th June 1985 (Historical Heritage); and the Royal Decree of 10th January 1986 which develops it. 2. If anything is found, therefore, it would be necessary to comply with the complex procedures outlined in these enactments; and it would certainly not be possible for any finds to be taken out of Spain until the proper Authorities had given their consent. That could take months; and if the article in question is classified as part of the national artistic heritage, and/or is over 100 years old, it is not likely to receive an export permit either at all, or for a very long time, owing to the complexity of the procedures. The second aspect is a technical one. The Royal Decree of 25 November 1987, which deals with nuclear energy and radioactivity, lays down rules and safeguards against radiation. The Order of 20th March 1975 sets out the homologation rules for radio-active apparatus. The metal detector in question may not comply with those rules. There is a third aspect. The local Naval Authorities have been known to complain because the use of metal detectors has interfered with electronic communications. All in all, therefore, it is preferable not to use metal detectors in Spain.
In 2001 Spain has become even more un-bending and a number of detector users have faced prosecution, therefor FID cannot recommend visiting or detecting in this country.


SWEDEN
Section 19 of the 1988 Act which prohibited metal detecting in the countries of Gotland and Oland has now been extended to include all of Sweden.


SWITZERLAND
No legislation specifically refers to metal detecting by private individuals, though legislation exists to ban unauthorized search or excavation of antiquities.


TURKEY
Τhe 1973 Antiquities Act carries very extensive lists of movable and immovable objects protected including places of ancient settlement or places where there are vestiges of ancient civilizations. All objects are the property of the State and reporting is obligatory but a reward system exists. There is a specific provision against treasure hunting, illicit excavation and dealing in antiquities. Unauthorized treasure hunting carries a penalty of 2 - 5 years imprisonment and very hefty fines.

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Νομοθεσία χρήσης ανιχνευτων σε όλον τον Κόσμο

Δημοσίευση από smartmorpheus » 30 Ιαν 2018 09:39

Για όποιον ενδιαφέρεται ας διαβάσει το παρακάτω κείμενο για την νομοθεσια χρήσης ανιχνευτων ανα τον κόσμο.

List of countries where metal detecting is allowed/banned
In South Iceland advertising of metal detectors is equated with striptease ad. Is it normal? Here’s the list of countries where metal detecting is permitted or prohibited.



Australia. Any metal detecting is allowed. Prospecting for gold nuggets, as well as beach search, are favourites among locals. There are not so many archaeological finds in Australia – much less that in Europe and the U.S.

Austria. The use of metal detectors in archaeological contexts requires a permission issued by the Austrian Federal Monument Authority.

Belarus. Until 2013, metal detecting was prohibited only at archeological sites under state protection, WWII battlefield sites and on private land (without the owner’s permission). Since 2013, some laws and provisions restricting searching for historic artifacts have come into force. In actual fact, the use of metal detectors in Belarus can be considered forbidden.

Belgium. Private individuals aren’t allowed to look for archaeological artifacts. Beach search is permitted.

Bulgaria. The owner of a metal detector must register his device with the Ministry of Culture (otherwise he shall be punishable by a fine, or even jail time). Searching for archaeological objects requires permission. There are still illegal treasure hunters in Bulgaria, however – e.g., our commenter Кустарников ))

Note: Here’s a comment from Bulgarian treasure hunter Кустарников. “Actually, we have another situation – metal detectors are sold legally, and registration is required only if the buyer is an archeological museum and the device will be used during legal archeological excavations. Searching for archaeological finds in our country is permitted only for local historical and archaeological museums. It’s strictly forbidden for usual people to detect archaeological sites – not only already known places, but also still unknown ones. The problem is that there are lots of unknown sites in Belarus but the law doesn’t specify where in particular it is allowed to search – in other words, there isn’t such a list of places where it’s permitted to hunt freely. Thus, if you buy a metal detector, you can only perform air tests with it at home, and that’s all”.

Cambodia. Metal detecting is allowed only on beaches.

Canada. On the one side, it’s a country with a very poor history – it’s unreal to find a 200- or 300-year- old item. On the other hand, searching for historic artifacts is officially forbidden. It is the landowner who gives you permission to hunt with a metal detector. Or, you may metal detect in parks (there is also gold there) as well as on beaches.

Canary islands (Tenerife). Metal detecting is allowed without any restrictions.

Caribbean islands. Metal detecting is allowed without any restrictions.

China. Any metal detecting is forbidden.

Comoros islands. Any metal detecting is forbidden.

Croatia. Metal detecting is forbidden.

Cuba. Any metal detecting is forbidden. The very possession of metal detectors is equated with the possession of weapons.

Cyprus. Any metal detecting is forbidden, including beach search. If someone tries to take a metal detector through customs, it will be confiscated.

Czech Republic. To search for archaeological artifacts you will need permission. Metal detecting on beaches is allowed.

Denmark. Metal detecting is allowed. Very large and valuable items found must be given to the state.

Note: Here’s a comment from Italian detectorist Arne Hertz. In Denmark you can detect with landowners permission and must keep a 2 meter distance from protected sites. Most archeological finds, pre 1537 coins, any gold and larger silvercoins are gowerment property. And that is the short version. Also you cant treat Germany as one country. The different länder or states have different rules.

Dominican Republic. Metal detecting is allowed and encouraged without any sort of restrictions.

Egypt. Beach metal detecting is allowed, although permission will be required in some hotels with private beaches. According to commenter maxipim, there can be problems with getting the detector through customs. He shared his experience: while preparing for the trip to Egypt he packed the machine and coil separately – when dealing with the customs he said it was a crutch.

Ethiopia. Metal detectors are totally banned.

France. Searching for archaeological finds requires permission. Beach metal detecting is allowed.

Germany. Metal detecting is allowed but requires a license.

Ghana. Locals are permitted to metal detect without any restrictions. Tourists need to acquire a permit (license?).

Greece. The owner of a metal detector must obtain a license which is issued by the Ministry of Culture. Metal detecting on beaches requires the mayor’s permission. It’s prohibited to search for archeological objects – jail term of 10 to 20 years.

Hungary. The use of metal detectors requires special permission.

Iceland (southern part). It is totally forbidden to use metal detectors. By way of example, advertising of devices is equated with striptease ad. Looks a lot alike… Given that the country has a population of nearly 320,000, it’s even normal ))

India. Metal detecting is allowed. But any foreign treasure hunter evokes great interest from locals. Under favorable circumstances, they may even grab the machine from a foreigner or call the police.

Indonesia. Metal detecting is allowed.

Ireland. Historic artifacts can be looked for only after getting permission and approval from landowners. Beach metal detecting is allowed (so what are the beaches in Ireland?).

Israel. It’s forbidden to search for historic artifacts. Illegal treasure hunters are punished by jail time. But anyway, enthusiasts are still hunting there – the land of Israel is stuffed full of finds. Any construction, downpour, or great storm yields discoveries (without participation of detectorists). Metal detecting on beaches is allowed. Agent Mulder regularly recovers gold off beach.

Italy. All things of archeological interest, in and out of the ground, are the property of the state. Metal detecting by private individuals is allowed in some regions. A finder of valuable objects receives a reward. There are regions where the use of metal detectors is prohibited – e.g., Valle d’Aosta, Calabria, Lazio, Tuscany, Sicily.

And one more thing… According to local detectorists, beach search in Italy is controlled by mafia and the police. There is division into areas which are under control of different clans. Mafia treasure hunters ))

Note: Here’s a comment from Italian detectorist sergio. “Metal detecting is allowed on public beaches. But there is nothing to dig there. Private beaches are watched over by guards – it’s possible to make a deal with some of them, but some will be against, and it’s better not to argue with them. The police, carabinieri and mafia – this is a mere fable. The competition among detectorists is rather high… You can also hunt in the regions where it’s prohibited to, but not in the areas of archaeological importance – on private land and in the mountains. But there is nothing to search for in the mountains, too, as everywhere there are shot and shells the hunters left behind”.

Jordan. Metal detecting by private individuals is forbidden. Note that detectors are not allowed through Jordan customs as well.

Kenya. Metal detecting is allowed without any restrictions.

Latvia. Metal detecting is allowed on beaches and privately owned land (if you have permission of the owner). In all other cases, it’s prohibited to search with a metal detector. Special attention is paid to war relic hunters. Latvian police is said to keep an unofficial record of such hobbyists. Do you believe in it? ))

Libya. Any metal detecting is forbidden.

Lithuania. Since 2010, there have been changes in the country – some restrictions to using metal detectors have come into force. At present historic artifacts can be looked for after getting permission from the Department of Cultural Heritage. Metal detecting on beaches is allowed.

Maldives. Metal detecting is allowed without any restrictions.

Malta. Any metal detecting by individuals is forbidden. However, there are options when local authorities give permission for reasonable pay-off.

Mexico. Metal detecting is permitted. BUT (and it’s extremely important) detecting in Mexico is the prerogative of mafia clans. Apart from archeological finds, mafia has put their hands on beach search.

Moldova. Since 2011, metal detecting in the country is forbidden. The possession of metal detectors is also prohibited.

Mongolia. Metal detectors are totally banned.

Morocco (Agadir). Metal detecting is officially prohibited. But there are quite many treasure hunters in the country.

Namibia. Searching for archaeological finds is forbidden. Beach metal detecting is allowed.

Northern Ireland. Metal detecting is allowed on privately owned land (after getting permission from the owner). I wonder where things stand with beach hunting in Northern Ireland ))

Norway. Metal detecting is allowed only after getting permission.

Philippines. It’s forbidden to search for archaeological objects. Beach metal detecting is allowed.

Portugal. Metal detecting is officially prohibited. But there are treasure hunting clubs in Lagoa and Portimao districts that obtain permission to use metal detectors. Plus, it’s very rare that beach search is allowed by special permission from authorities (for locals only).

Romania. Metal detecting requires permission. There is the cultural property police in Romania (Politia de Patrimoniu).

Russia. It’s almost forbidden to search for historic artifacts. Beach metal detecting is allowed.

Saudi Arabia. All things, in and out of the ground, are the property of the Emir. If someone disagrees, he will be executed. Metal detectors are totally banned.

Slovakia. The use of metal detectors requires permission.

South Africa. Metal detecting is permitted only on beaches.

Spain. The use of detection devices for the purpose of searching for archeological finds is not allowed unless you get permission. However, there is a fair amount of illegal treasure hunters in Spain. Several years ago there used to be even private treasure hunts for foreign tourists.

Sri Lanka. Metal detecting is forbidden. Police react quickly to any reports on treasure hunters.

Sweden. Metal detecting on privately owned land is allowed. Beach search is permitted, too.

Switzerland. Metal detecting is officially not forbidden. But each canton, or even a district, has its own rules. Thus, it may be forbidden to metal detect only on archeological sites. However, there are examples when it’s allowed to search even there. On the other hand, in some areas, collecting scrap metal does require permission from the district authorities. Moreover, you will need double permission at that: a metal detecting license plus the landowner’s permit.

Thailand. Metal detecting is allowed without any restrictions.

Tunisia. Metal detecting is forbidden. Nevertheless, there are treasure hunters on some of the beaches.

Turkey. To search with a metal detector, including beach hunting, you will need to get a permit. However, you shouldn’t rely on verbal permission from hotel administration – the police will come and will take your metal detector away (they can also put you to prison at that).

UAE. Beach search is allowed in some areas (on a very limited basis).

Uganda. Metal detecting is allowed without any restrictions. Is this the country you are dreaming of? ))

UK (England). Archaeological finds can be looked for only after getting permission (it’s not a problem to receive it). Considering that most land is privately owned, you will require additional permission from the owner. Any valuable object found shall also be shared with the landowner. The museums have a priority right to acquire finds. Concealment of a discovery is fraught with punishment. In England the value of the find is determined in a rather interesting way. For example, a Roman lead plate isn’t viewed as a valuable find, although it costs $363,625.

Also, in England beach metal detecting is allowed, although there are places where you are required to obtain a permit or to pay fees. For instance, if you wish to metal detect on a public beach, you will need to ask local authorities for permission. Detecting on the River Thames beaches, within the boundaries of London, does require payment of a few dozen pounds fee.

As a matter of fact, England takes first place in Europe, followed by Poland and France, in terms of the number of hobbyists involved in metal detecting.

Ukraine. Metal detecting on official archeological sites is forbidden. The rest of sites – you can search where and with whom you like )) But well, it’s only for the time being. There will probably be some restrictions in the future.

USA. Metal detecting is allowed without any restrictions. To search on privately owned land you will need to obtain permission from the owner.

Vietnam. Metal detecting is allowed. Tourists prefer beach hunting. Anyone with a metal detector is a great spectacle for locals – children gather together in a crowd and are tagging along behind him. Local detectorists search for war artifacts a bit.

The list of countries is being updated. Do you have anything to add? Lots of treasure hunters will be grateful to you.

ΠΗΓΗ: http://md-hunter.com

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Re: Νομοθεσία χρήσης ανιχνευτων σε όλον τον Κόσμο

Δημοσίευση από admin » 30 Ιαν 2018 10:58

Ωραία.

Είχαμε αναρτήσει παλιότερα στο φόρουμ έναν κατάλογο με λίγες χώρες. Αυτός είναι για τις περισσότερες.

(Συγχωνεύτηκαν τα 2 θέματα για ευκολότερη πρόσβαση)

JIKER
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Re: Νομοθεσία σε άλλες χώρες (στα αγγλικά)

Δημοσίευση από JIKER » 01 Φεβ 2018 13:45

αν γινοταν καποια μεταφραση καλο θα ηταν δεν γνωριζουν ολοι αγγλικα :(

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Re: Νομοθεσία σε άλλες χώρες (στα αγγλικά)

Δημοσίευση από admin » 06 Φεβ 2018 20:18

Ποια χώρα σε ενδιαφέρει, να στο μεταφράσω.

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